I love fruit and never met a piece of fruit I didn’t like until recently. Before I go into my upsetting experience with paw-paw fruit, let me first say everybody is different. What one person can digest well, another person might not be able to digest at all. I’ll be documenting my own personal experience with paw paw as well as similar reactions others have had to this fruit. I will then leave it to your discretion whether or not you want to try paw paw for yourself. If you’ve already been eating it and you’ve had no reactions to the fruit that’s wonderful. I still invite you to continue reading just in case you know someone who could use this information.
A New Fruit To Me
It’s exciting coming across a new fruit or vegetable, especially one that’s native to this country. So imagine my delight when at my local farmers market I walked by a gentleman selling something I had never seen before. On his table were greenish colored, oval shaped objects some of them still hanging off branches. Intrigued, I asked the man what it was, he replied that it was paw paw fruit. He told me paw paw is native to America and the taste of the fruit is a mixture between a banana and mango. He said the texture is like custard and went on to say that it even had a nickname of “custard apple”. I was immediately sold by that description. The gentleman picked out a real nice ripe paw paw for me. Immediate thoughts of what I could do with the fruit started filling my head. I happily left the market with my treasure.
Inspecting the Paw Paw
After putting up all my produce from the market, I took out the paw paw fruit to inspect it closely. The smell of the paw paw was so fragrant even before cutting into it. I cut it horizontally, took a spoon and dug in for a little taste. The first taste was truly what the guy at the farmers market described. The texture was like custard and the flavor was a cross between banana, pineapple and mango. There was a slight bitter aftertaste. I scooped out all the fruit pulp, separated the seeds and placed it in the fridge for my plans for it the next day.
Paw Paw Waffles
The next day I did a little research and found out that people make breads, cakes and pies with paw paw. So I decided to make paw paw waffles! I decided to use a banana waffle recipe and substitute bananas for the paw paw. Since it was just me eating I made enough waffles for one person using all the paw paw. The waffles smelled amazing because of the fruity smell of the paw paw fruit. The taste was even better.
The After Effects
As soon as I ate the waffles my stomach started cramping up and I had slight nausea. I didn’t think anything of it, I just associated it with the fact that I just pigged out on three big waffles and maybe I overstuffed myself. After a trip to the restroom I felt a little bit better and went about my day however still not feeling that great. The waffles were my first and only meal of the day which was around 1:00pm. Later on still not feeling well I went to sleep around 11:00pm. Sleep didn’t last long because I was awakened at 2am by a sharp pain in my stomach. I rushed to the bathroom where I stayed for the next hour (it seemed like eternity) vomiting, sweating and having diarrhea. I felt horrible and knew instantly it was the paw paw. It couldn’t have been anything else. After what seemed forever for my body to remove the paw paw from my system, I feel asleep. When I woke up the first thing I did was go to my laptop to see if anyone else became sick after eating this fruit. I found some interesting information.
Paw Paw Toxicity
According to the United States Department of Agriculture, paw paw fruit is indigenous to America specifically in the states of NJ, Wyoming, Texas, Colorado, Mississippi and Ohio. Native Americans ate the fruit and used the bark to make fishing nets. Lewis and Clark also ate the fruit during their expedition in 1810. So this fruit has been around and has been eaten for centuries. However what I also found out was that there are some people who have strong reactions to the fruit.
The USDA stated: “While many people enjoy the taste of pawpaw, some individuals become sick after eating the fruit. Skin rash, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea can develop. In other cases, individuals may be allergic to the leaves or the fruit skin (Peterson, 1991).”
During my research I came upon a forum discussing paw paw intolerances. Just like me there were people in the forum that became sick after eating paw paw, especially when it was cooked. Here’s what someone from the University of Kentucky said on the forum:
“Stomach upset eating pawpaw seems worse in cooked pawpaw, and even worse in dried pawpaw/fruit leather- I have heard enough reports of people getting sick to their stomach eating pawpaw fruit leather that I would not recommend making it. We are not sure what causes this stomach upset though, we have speculated fatty acids that go rancid in the drying or heating process but that is just a guess. Also some people can have allergies or sensitivities to pawpaw.”
Paw Paw and Annonacin
Paw paw has high concentrations of a chemical property called annonacin. (2) Annonacin can have toxic effects on the nervous system. It has also been reported to cause Parkinson type symptoms. From what I’ve read someone would have to eat tons of paw paw in order for the annonacin properties to effect them. But again there are certain people who may be super sensitive and it might not take a huge amount of paw paw to upset their system.
I’ve researched enough sites to know what happened to me doesn’t happen to everyone when they eat paw paw fruit. Lots of people eat the paw paw raw and cooked with no problems. Some people like me are just more sensitive to the properties of the fruit. For those that can eat it without any symptoms, paw paw has some great benefits. It’s known to be high in protein, antioxidants and vitamins A & C. (3) There’s also reports that paw paw has anti-cancer properties due to the acetogenins in the fruit. These acetogenins can rob the cancer cells of the energy it needs to survive.(4)
My experience with paw paw has ruined me from ever wanting to try it again. As a matter of fact it was even challenging looking at pictures of the fruit without having flashbacks. Ha ha From now on I’ll continue to stick with another fruit also known as paw paw….papaya. 🙂
If anyone has tried paw paw otherwise known as “poor mans banana” please comment below, I’m curious to know if anyone else has had reactions similar to mine.